McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Technology Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best known as a Solution One builder and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing championship. The group is the second earliest active, and second most effective Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Drivers' Championships and 8 Builders' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their greatest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. More American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a screening mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took over and led the team to their very first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and quickly after organised a buyout of the original McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This began the team's most effective period: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Drivers' Championships and the group took 6 Builders' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams used the most consistent challenge during this duration, the two winning every manufacturers' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Solution One, Senna had actually relocated to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, additional champions can be found in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika HÃ¤kkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team were consistent front-runners, chauffeur Lewis Hamilton taking Additional reading their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to very long time McLaren worker Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season till a minimum of 2024. After at first going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren revealed in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had actually won 3 Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, however when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to set up his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper automobiles.